Basic Land Drills for Swimming Stroke Acquisition
Peng Zhang - East Stroudsburg University
Teaching swimming strokes can be a challenging task in physical education. The purpose of the article is to introduce 12 on land drills that can be utilized to facilitate the learning of swimming strokes, including elementary back stroke, sidestroke, front crawl, back stroke, breaststroke, and butterfly. Each drill consists of four components (ready position; movement criteria; recommended practice time; and critical cues) which provide not only detailed descriptions of the drill but also pedagogical knowledge to optimize learning outcomes. Four recommendations are offered in the end of the paper to enhance the safety, effectiveness, and enjoyment facts associated with the applications of the drills.
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