" The Influence of Student Teaching on Physical Education Student Teachers’ Self-efficacy and Outcome Expectancy Beliefs "

By Zan Gao, Ph.D., (1 ) Ping Xiang, Ph.D., (2) Senlin Chen, Ph.D., (3 ) Ron McBride, Ph.D. (2)

(1) School of Kinesiology, the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN
(2) Department of Kinesiology and Health, Texas A & M University, College Station, TX
(3) Department of Kinesiology, Iowa State University, IA


This study was designed to determine the impact of 12-week student teaching semesters on student teachers’ self-efficacy and outcome expectancy beliefs in teaching physical education classes. A pre-post design was used to examine changes in beliefs of 107 physical education student teachers. Self-efficacy (instructional strategies, class management, and student engagement) and outcome expectancy beliefs were measured by validated questionnaires. Data collection spanned over a 2-year period. The pretest was completed at the third week of the student teaching semesters, and the posttest was conducted at the end of the semesters. The results suggested that all student teachers’ self-efficacy and outcome expectancy beliefs increased significantly (p < .05) over time. Therefore, we concluded that the student teaching experiences had a positive effect on physical education student teachers’ beliefs during this crucial early stage of their prospective teaching careers.

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Narrative Research Addressing the Challenges of a Career in Professional Sports

Published in “JTRM in Kinesiology” an online peer-reviewed research and practice journal

"Narrative Research Addressing the Challenges of a Career in Professional Sports"
By Daniel Frankl, Ph.D. - California State University, Los Angeles


The purpose of this article is to highlight the challenges that accomplished young athletes face as they aspire to become professional athletes. The data used in this study was derived from selected lived and told sport experiences of undergraduate and graduate kinesiology majors who were former competitive athletes. Additional data was derived via email exchanges between the author and a mother of a teen soccer player. Statistics from football, basketball, ice hockey, and soccer are also presented in order to place both players’ compensation and the odds of a professional career in sports in a proper perspective. Parents are advised of the challenge they may face as they try to reason with a child who neglects her/his studies in favor of focusing on her/his dream of a career in professional sports. The author also recommends steps parents may follow in order to help their child select a fitting and fulfilling post-professional athletics career.

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TheThis email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.welcomes the submission of unpublished manuscripts on all topics related to original research, reviews, case studies, research notes, practitioner’s notes, and commentaries in the fields of all areas of physical education, health and sports.

JTRM in Kinesiology does not levy any charges to an author to process or publish a paper.


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 The JTRM in Kinesiology is indexed in SIRC and ERIC

Flipping Physical Education in the Classroom

Flipping Physical Education in the Classroom .

Flipped classroom in physical education a new way of teaching and learning

It’s all about the videos!

Physical Education Classes:

"We have been surprised to hear that some of the teachers most excited about flipped classrooms were physical education teachers. This dynamic team of teachers realized the flipped class had great potential in their courses. They told us that the most important aspect of the physical education class is for their students to be moving. Physical education teachers report that they spend too much time teaching students things like the rules of games and some of the techniques. When teachers began making videos (with a video camera) of rules, students can come to class and quickly get to moving their bodies and participating in the important physical education activities."

That's why P.E. Videos are very useful !!!

Do you need videos to start your Flip Teaching ? Surf through our Best Practice P.E. videos

Subscribe to our Journal and receive 315 P.E. lesson documents for free

-------- Subscribe to our Journal and receive 315 P.E. lesson documents for free --------


Your time is short and your Inbox is full. Here’s why signing up for our Journal is still worth your while!

4 Reasons to Sign Up for Our Journal

  1. Not because it’s free, but because it provides useful articles from all physical education disciplines
  2. The articles are published and reviewed by an international editorial team of experts in physical education & sports
  3. It challenges all physical educators to think more deeply and broadly about physical education
  4. It includes critical approach for knowledge development and sharing of knowledge

If you are subscribed to our newsletter and you are interested to receive 315 P.E. lesson documents for free (Lesson Plans new.zip = 7 MB - virus-free ).

Subscribe to our Journal - for free!

Dynamic Movement Skills (DMS)

Dynamic Movement Skills (DMS) is a leading training methodology that helps to refine and improve gross motor skills. It's benefits include development of; movement, balance and coordination in children; and improvement in speed, agility, explosive power and turning ability in athletes.

Dynamic Movement Skills – 45 videos at The Running School

… and now no more excuses to not improve your fitness

Video analysis focusing on ...

1. Freestyle/ Frontcrawl - the swimming arm cycle and how it should be performed.

Freestyle is divided into two major phases, propulsive and non-propulsive, defined by where the arm is with respect to the water . The propulsive and non-propulsive phases are further broken down into four phases. The propulsive phase is pull/push and the non-propulsive phase is recovery/catch .

Watch the video of the swimming arm cycle at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ODnDX-6ZkEk.

2. Also we invite you watching carefully the following instructional videos:

Use video analysis to analyze, tweak and perfect your technique and performance!!!

After a period of 8 months of silence is Sports Mia back up and running! !

The main goals of the new Sports Media are:

  1. publishing quality articles concerning P.E. and related subjects
  2. restarting the Digest "The New Dimension in P.E. & Sports"
  3. showing of good practices through videos

Currently, the layout of the site is ready. Gradually we will add content to the site. Each day we'll do our best to add new videos to the item " Best Practice videos P.E."

Visit regularly Sports Media and discover each time something new ! and don't forget to subscribe to our Digest - it's free. So you'll stay informed about interesting topics - written by experts - for physical education.

Give us time to grow and to rebuild Sports Media from scratch.

We do hope to have your support ...

The Team of Sports Media

SPORTALYZER - The app to analyze movements in sports!

Whether you're a professional coach, athlete, physical education teacher, physiotherapist or a hobbyist, by using the Sportalyzer APP you’ll get a better understanding of sport movements.

The APP is based on the fact that there are different phases in each sport movement that can be defined (Meinel, 1974; Carr, 2006). These phases are internationally recognized as the standard. The knowledge of these phases in sport movements is further developed into the "model of movement phasing” (Bosman & Hoeboer, 2008). This model helps in identifying and structuring technical sport movements.

More information at SPORTALYZER

Dance Yourself to Fitness!

The MUVE Method is a free resource to learn easy, improvised dancing. If you want to become a better dancer, the MUVE Method will teach you the basics of improvised dancing. MUVE is so easy to do, it will take the difficulty out of dancing and exercising.

Interested to find more information ? Surf to their site

Explore MUVEmethod’s channel on Youtube

MUVE dancing games for kids

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